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Clown Triggerfish
ClownTriggerfish
Clown Triggerfish

Kingdom:

Animalia

Phylum:

Chordata

Class:

Actinopterygii

Order:

Tetraodontiformes

Family:

Balistidae

Genus:

Balistoides

Species:

B. conspicillum

Binomial name:

Balistoides conspicillum

The clown triggerfish, Balistoides conspicillum, is a triggerfish from the orderTetraodontiformes. This reef-associated fish is commonly found in the tropical Indo-Pacific

Distribution and habitatEdit

This species is a primarily marine species. This fish is found in Tropical Indo-Pacificcoastal waters from 1-75 metres in depth (3-250 ft). This fish is generally uncommon or rare throughout its range, which includes East Africa to South Africa, through to Indonesia, and all the way to Japan and New Caledonia.[1]

The clown triggerfish is most commonly found around coral reefs. It lives in clear coastal to outer reef habitats. It also occurs in clear, seaward

Anatomy and appearanceEdit

The fish can reach up to about 50 cm (20 in) in length.[1] It has strong jaws which can be used to crush and eat sea urchins, crustaceans and hard-shelled mollusks are the good food. But the male eat sea urchins, crustaceans,brachiopoda, and small fish.

This fish has unique coloration. The ventral surface has large, white spots on a dark background, and its dorsal surface has black spots on yellow. There is a vertical, white (slightly yellow) stripe on the caudal fin.[1] The brightly painted yellow mouth may be used to deter potential predators.[2] This fish has a form of camouflage that is, or is similar to,countershading. From below, the white spots look like the surface of the water above it. From above, the fish will blend in more with the coral reef environment.

In the aquariumEdit

Because of its attractive coloration, this fish is one of the most highly prized aquarium fish.[1] Like many other triggerfish, it can require a large aquarium and be aggressive towards other fish. It should not be kept with small fishes. It will also prey on invertebrates in the aquarium.[2][3] This fish can become tame enough to be hand-fed; however, one should beware of the fish's sharp teeth.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2007). "Balistoides conspicillum" in FishBase. Apr 2007 version.
  2. ^ a b Dakin, Nick (1992). The Macmillan book of the Marine Aquarium. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. pp. 177. ISBN 0-02-897108-6.
  3. ^ a b Sanford, Gina (1999). Aquarium Owner's Guide. New York: DK Publishing. pp. 132. ISBN 0-7894-4614-6.

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